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1   /*
2    * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
3    * contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
4    * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
5    * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache license, Version 2.0
6    * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
7    * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
8    *
9    *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
10   *
11   * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
12   * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
13   * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
14   * See the license for the specific language governing permissions and
15   * limitations under the license.
16   */
17  package org.apache.logging.log4j.util;
18  
19  import java.io.IOException;
20  import java.net.URL;
21  import java.util.Collection;
22  import java.util.Enumeration;
23  import java.util.HashSet;
24  import java.util.Properties;
25  import java.util.ServiceLoader;
26  import java.util.concurrent.locks.Lock;
27  import java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock;
28  
29  import org.apache.logging.log4j.Logger;
30  import org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.Provider;
31  import org.apache.logging.log4j.status.StatusLogger;
32  
33  /**
34   * <em>Consider this class private.</em> Utility class for Log4j {@link Provider}s. When integrating with an application
35   * container framework, any Log4j Providers not accessible through standard classpath scanning should
36   * {@link #loadProvider(java.net.URL, ClassLoader)} a classpath accordingly.
37   */
38  public final class ProviderUtil {
39  
40      /**
41       * Resource name for a Log4j 2 provider properties file.
42       */
43      protected static final String PROVIDER_RESOURCE = "META-INF/log4j-provider.properties";
44  
45      /**
46       * Loaded providers.
47       */
48      protected static final Collection<Provider> PROVIDERS = new HashSet<>();
49  
50      /**
51       * Guards the ProviderUtil singleton instance from lazy initialization. This is primarily used for OSGi support.
52       *
53       * @since 2.1
54       */
55      protected static final Lock STARTUP_LOCK = new ReentrantLock();
56  
57      private static final String API_VERSION = "Log4jAPIVersion";
58      private static final String[] COMPATIBLE_API_VERSIONS = {"2.6.0"};
59      private static final Logger LOGGER = StatusLogger.getLogger();
60  
61      // STARTUP_LOCK guards INSTANCE for lazy initialization; this allows the OSGi Activator to pause the startup and
62      // wait for a Provider to be installed. See LOG4J2-373
63      private static volatile ProviderUtil instance;
64  
65      private ProviderUtil() {
66          for (ClassLoader classLoader : LoaderUtil.getClassLoaders()) {
67              loadProviders(classLoader);
68          }
69          for (final LoaderUtil.UrlResource resource : LoaderUtil.findUrlResources(PROVIDER_RESOURCE)) {
70              loadProvider(resource.getUrl(), resource.getClassLoader());
71          }
72      }
73  
74      protected static void addProvider(final Provider provider) {
75          PROVIDERS.add(provider);
76          LOGGER.debug("Loaded Provider {}", provider);
77      }
78  
79      /**
80       * Loads an individual Provider implementation. This method is really only useful for the OSGi bundle activator and
81       * this class itself.
82       *
83       * @param url the URL to the provider properties file
84       * @param cl the ClassLoader to load the provider classes with
85       */
86      protected static void loadProvider(final URL url, final ClassLoader cl) {
87          try {
88              final Properties props = PropertiesUtil.loadClose(url.openStream(), url);
89              if (validVersion(props.getProperty(API_VERSION))) {
90                  final Provider provider = new Provider(props, url, cl);
91                  PROVIDERS.add(provider);
92                  LOGGER.debug("Loaded Provider {}", provider);
93              }
94          } catch (final IOException e) {
95              LOGGER.error("Unable to open {}", url, e);
96          }
97      }
98  
99      protected static void loadProviders(final ClassLoader cl) {
100         final ServiceLoader<Provider> serviceLoader = ServiceLoader.load(Provider.class, cl);
101         for (final Provider provider : serviceLoader) {
102             if (validVersion(provider.getVersions()) && !PROVIDERS.contains(provider)) {
103                 PROVIDERS.add(provider);
104             }
105         }
106     }
107 
108     /**
109      * @deprecated Use {@link #loadProvider(java.net.URL, ClassLoader)} instead. Will be removed in 3.0.
110      */
111     @Deprecated
112     protected static void loadProviders(final Enumeration<URL> urls, final ClassLoader cl) {
113         if (urls != null) {
114             while (urls.hasMoreElements()) {
115                 loadProvider(urls.nextElement(), cl);
116             }
117         }
118     }
119 
120     public static Iterable<Provider> getProviders() {
121         lazyInit();
122         return PROVIDERS;
123     }
124 
125     public static boolean hasProviders() {
126         lazyInit();
127         return !PROVIDERS.isEmpty();
128     }
129 
130     /**
131      * Lazily initializes the ProviderUtil singleton.
132      *
133      * @since 2.1
134      */
135     protected static void lazyInit() {
136         // noinspection DoubleCheckedLocking
137         if (instance == null) {
138             try {
139                 STARTUP_LOCK.lockInterruptibly();
140                 try {
141                     if (instance == null) {
142                         instance = new ProviderUtil();
143                     }
144                 } finally {
145                     STARTUP_LOCK.unlock();
146                 }
147             } catch (final InterruptedException e) {
148                 LOGGER.fatal("Interrupted before Log4j Providers could be loaded.", e);
149                 Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
150             }
151         }
152     }
153 
154     public static ClassLoader findClassLoader() {
155         return LoaderUtil.getThreadContextClassLoader();
156     }
157 
158     private static boolean validVersion(final String version) {
159         for (final String v : COMPATIBLE_API_VERSIONS) {
160             if (version.startsWith(v)) {
161                 return true;
162             }
163         }
164         return false;
165     }
166 }