001    /*
002     * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
003     * contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
004     * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
005     * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache license, Version 2.0
006     * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
007     * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
008     *
009     *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
010     *
011     * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
012     * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
013     * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
014     * See the license for the specific language governing permissions and
015     * limitations under the license.
016     */
017    package org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout;
018    
019    import java.nio.charset.Charset;
020    import java.util.HashMap;
021    import java.util.Map;
022    
023    import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.Layout;
024    import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.Node;
025    import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.plugins.Plugin;
026    import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.plugins.PluginAttribute;
027    import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.plugins.PluginFactory;
028    import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.jackson.XmlConstants;
029    import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.util.Charsets;
030    
031    /**
032     * Appends a series of {@code event} elements as defined in the <a href="log4j.dtd">log4j.dtd</a>.
033     *
034     * <h3>Complete well-formed XML vs. fragment XML</h3>
035     * <p>
036     * If you configure {@code complete="true"}, the appender outputs a well-formed XML document where the default namespace is the log4j
037     * namespace {@value XmlConstants#XML_NAMESPACE}. By default, with {@code complete="false"}, you should include the output as an
038     * <em>external entity</em> in a separate file to form a well-formed XML document.
039     * </p>
040     * <p>
041     * A well-formed XML document follows this pattern:
042     * </p>
043     * <pre>
044    &lt;Event xmlns=&quot;http://logging.apache.org/log4j/2.0/events&quot; timeMillis=&quot;1&quot; thread=&quot;MyThreadName&quot; level=&quot;DEBUG&quot; loggerName=&quot;a.B&quot; loggerFQCN=&quot;f.q.c.n&quot; endOfBatch=&quot;false&quot;&gt;
045        &lt;Marker name=&quot;Marker1&quot;&gt;
046            &lt;Parents&gt;
047                &lt;Parents name=&quot;ParentMarker1&quot;&gt;
048                    &lt;Parents&gt;
049                        &lt;Parents name=&quot;GrandMotherMarker&quot;/&gt;
050                        &lt;Parents name=&quot;GrandFatherMarker&quot;/&gt;
051                    &lt;/Parents&gt;
052                &lt;/Parents&gt;
053                &lt;Parents name=&quot;GrandFatherMarker&quot;/&gt;
054            &lt;/Parents&gt;
055        &lt;/Marker&gt;
056        &lt;Message&gt;Msg&lt;/Message&gt;
057        &lt;ContextMap&gt;
058            &lt;item key=&quot;MDC.B&quot; value=&quot;B_Value&quot;/&gt;
059            &lt;item key=&quot;MDC.A&quot; value=&quot;A_Value&quot;/&gt;
060        &lt;/ContextMap&gt;
061        &lt;ContextStack&gt;
062            &lt;ContextStack&gt;stack_msg1&lt;/ContextStack&gt;
063            &lt;ContextStack&gt;stack_msg2&lt;/ContextStack&gt;
064        &lt;/ContextStack&gt;
065        &lt;Source class=&quot;org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.LogEventFixtures&quot; method=&quot;createLogEvent&quot; file=&quot;LogEventFixtures.java&quot; line=&quot;54&quot;/&gt;
066        &lt;Thrown commonElementCount=&quot;0&quot; localizedMessage=&quot;testIOEx&quot; message=&quot;testIOEx&quot; name=&quot;java.io.IOException&quot;&gt;
067            &lt;Cause commonElementCount=&quot;27&quot; localizedMessage=&quot;testNPEx&quot; message=&quot;testNPEx&quot; name=&quot;java.lang.NullPointerException&quot;&gt;
068                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace&gt;
069                    &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.LogEventFixtures&quot; method=&quot;createLogEvent&quot; file=&quot;LogEventFixtures.java&quot; line=&quot;53&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;test-classes/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
070                &lt;/ExtendedStackTrace&gt;
071            &lt;/Cause&gt;
072            &lt;ExtendedStackTrace&gt;
073                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.LogEventFixtures&quot; method=&quot;createLogEvent&quot; file=&quot;LogEventFixtures.java&quot; line=&quot;56&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;test-classes/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
074                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.XmlLayoutTest&quot; method=&quot;testAllFeatures&quot; file=&quot;XmlLayoutTest.java&quot; line=&quot;122&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;test-classes/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
075                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.XmlLayoutTest&quot; method=&quot;testLocationOnCompactOnMdcOn&quot; file=&quot;XmlLayoutTest.java&quot; line=&quot;270&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;test-classes/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
076                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
077                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
078                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
079                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;java.lang.reflect.Method&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
080                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1&quot; method=&quot;runReflectiveCall&quot; file=&quot;FrameworkMethod.java&quot; line=&quot;47&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
081                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;ReflectiveCallable.java&quot; line=&quot;12&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
082                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod&quot; method=&quot;invokeExplosively&quot; file=&quot;FrameworkMethod.java&quot; line=&quot;44&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
083                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;InvokeMethod.java&quot; line=&quot;17&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
084                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;runLeaf&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;271&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
085                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner&quot; method=&quot;runChild&quot; file=&quot;BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;70&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
086                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner&quot; method=&quot;runChild&quot; file=&quot;BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;50&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
087                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;238&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
088                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1&quot; method=&quot;schedule&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;63&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
089                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;runChildren&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;236&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
090                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;access$000&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;53&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
091                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;229&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
092                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;RunBefores.java&quot; line=&quot;26&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
093                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunAfters&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;RunAfters.java&quot; line=&quot;27&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
094                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;309&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
095                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;JUnit4TestReference.java&quot; line=&quot;50&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
096                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;TestExecution.java&quot; line=&quot;38&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
097                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;runTests&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;467&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
098                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;runTests&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;683&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
099                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;390&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
100                &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;main&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;197&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
101            &lt;/ExtendedStackTrace&gt;
102            &lt;Suppressed&gt;
103                &lt;Suppressed commonElementCount=&quot;0&quot; localizedMessage=&quot;I am suppressed exception 1&quot; message=&quot;I am suppressed exception 1&quot; name=&quot;java.lang.IndexOutOfBoundsException&quot;&gt;
104                    &lt;ExtendedStackTrace&gt;
105                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.LogEventFixtures&quot; method=&quot;createLogEvent&quot; file=&quot;LogEventFixtures.java&quot; line=&quot;57&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;test-classes/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
106                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.XmlLayoutTest&quot; method=&quot;testAllFeatures&quot; file=&quot;XmlLayoutTest.java&quot; line=&quot;122&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;test-classes/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
107                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.XmlLayoutTest&quot; method=&quot;testLocationOnCompactOnMdcOn&quot; file=&quot;XmlLayoutTest.java&quot; line=&quot;270&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;test-classes/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
108                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
109                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
110                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
111                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;java.lang.reflect.Method&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
112                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1&quot; method=&quot;runReflectiveCall&quot; file=&quot;FrameworkMethod.java&quot; line=&quot;47&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
113                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;ReflectiveCallable.java&quot; line=&quot;12&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
114                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod&quot; method=&quot;invokeExplosively&quot; file=&quot;FrameworkMethod.java&quot; line=&quot;44&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
115                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;InvokeMethod.java&quot; line=&quot;17&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
116                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;runLeaf&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;271&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
117                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner&quot; method=&quot;runChild&quot; file=&quot;BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;70&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
118                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner&quot; method=&quot;runChild&quot; file=&quot;BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;50&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
119                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;238&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
120                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1&quot; method=&quot;schedule&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;63&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
121                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;runChildren&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;236&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
122                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;access$000&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;53&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
123                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;229&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
124                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;RunBefores.java&quot; line=&quot;26&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
125                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunAfters&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;RunAfters.java&quot; line=&quot;27&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
126                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;309&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
127                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;JUnit4TestReference.java&quot; line=&quot;50&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
128                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;TestExecution.java&quot; line=&quot;38&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
129                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;runTests&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;467&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
130                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;runTests&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;683&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
131                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;390&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
132                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;main&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;197&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
133                    &lt;/ExtendedStackTrace&gt;
134                &lt;/Suppressed&gt;
135                &lt;Suppressed commonElementCount=&quot;0&quot; localizedMessage=&quot;I am suppressed exception 2&quot; message=&quot;I am suppressed exception 2&quot; name=&quot;java.lang.IndexOutOfBoundsException&quot;&gt;
136                    &lt;ExtendedStackTrace&gt;
137                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.LogEventFixtures&quot; method=&quot;createLogEvent&quot; file=&quot;LogEventFixtures.java&quot; line=&quot;58&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;test-classes/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
138                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.XmlLayoutTest&quot; method=&quot;testAllFeatures&quot; file=&quot;XmlLayoutTest.java&quot; line=&quot;122&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;test-classes/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
139                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.apache.logging.log4j.core.layout.XmlLayoutTest&quot; method=&quot;testLocationOnCompactOnMdcOn&quot; file=&quot;XmlLayoutTest.java&quot; line=&quot;270&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;test-classes/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
140                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
141                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
142                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
143                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;java.lang.reflect.Method&quot; method=&quot;invoke&quot; line=&quot;-1&quot; exact=&quot;false&quot; location=&quot;?&quot; version=&quot;1.7.0_55&quot;/&gt;
144                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1&quot; method=&quot;runReflectiveCall&quot; file=&quot;FrameworkMethod.java&quot; line=&quot;47&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
145                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;ReflectiveCallable.java&quot; line=&quot;12&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
146                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod&quot; method=&quot;invokeExplosively&quot; file=&quot;FrameworkMethod.java&quot; line=&quot;44&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
147                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;InvokeMethod.java&quot; line=&quot;17&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
148                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;runLeaf&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;271&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
149                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner&quot; method=&quot;runChild&quot; file=&quot;BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;70&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
150                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner&quot; method=&quot;runChild&quot; file=&quot;BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;50&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
151                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;238&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
152                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1&quot; method=&quot;schedule&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;63&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
153                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;runChildren&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;236&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
154                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;access$000&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;53&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
155                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;229&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
156                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;RunBefores.java&quot; line=&quot;26&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
157                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunAfters&quot; method=&quot;evaluate&quot; file=&quot;RunAfters.java&quot; line=&quot;27&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
158                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.junit.runners.ParentRunner&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;ParentRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;309&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;junit-4.11.jar&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
159                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;JUnit4TestReference.java&quot; line=&quot;50&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
160                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;TestExecution.java&quot; line=&quot;38&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
161                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;runTests&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;467&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
162                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;runTests&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;683&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
163                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;run&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;390&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
164                        &lt;ExtendedStackTrace class=&quot;org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner&quot; method=&quot;main&quot; file=&quot;RemoteTestRunner.java&quot; line=&quot;197&quot; exact=&quot;true&quot; location=&quot;.cp/&quot; version=&quot;?&quot;/&gt;
165                    &lt;/ExtendedStackTrace&gt;
166                &lt;/Suppressed&gt;
167            &lt;/Suppressed&gt;
168        &lt;/Thrown&gt;
169    &lt;/Event&gt;
170    </pre>
171     * <p>
172     * If {@code complete="false"}, the appender does not write the XML processing instruction and the root element.
173     * </p>
174     * <p>
175     * This approach enforces the independence of the XmlLayout and the appender where you embed it.
176     * </p>
177     * <h3>Encoding</h3>
178     * <p>
179     * Appenders using this layout should have their {@code charset} set to {@code UTF-8} or {@code UTF-16}, otherwise events containing non
180     * ASCII characters could result in corrupted log files.
181     * </p>
182     * <h3>Pretty vs. compact XML</h3>
183     * <p>
184     * By default, the XML layout is not compact (compact = not "pretty") with {@code compact="false"}, which means the appender uses
185     * end-of-line characters and indents lines to format the XML. If {@code compact="true"}, then no end-of-line or indentation is used.
186     * Message content may contain, of course, end-of-lines.
187     * </p>
188     */
189    @Plugin(name = "XmlLayout", category = Node.CATEGORY, elementType = Layout.ELEMENT_TYPE, printObject = true)
190    public final class XmlLayout extends AbstractJacksonLayout {
191    
192        private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
193    
194        private static final String ROOT_TAG = "Events";
195    
196        protected XmlLayout(final boolean locationInfo, final boolean properties, final boolean complete, final boolean compact, final Charset charset) {
197            super(new JacksonFactory.XML().newWriter(locationInfo, properties, compact), charset, compact, complete);
198        }
199    
200        /**
201         * Returns appropriate XML headers.
202         * <ol>
203         * <li>XML processing instruction</li>
204         * <li>XML root element</li>
205         * </ol>
206         *
207         * @return a byte array containing the header.
208         */
209        @Override
210        public byte[] getHeader() {
211            if (!complete) {
212                return null;
213            }
214            final StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
215            buf.append("<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"");
216            buf.append(this.getCharset().name());
217            buf.append("\"?>");
218            buf.append(this.eol);
219            // Make the log4j namespace the default namespace, no need to use more space with a namespace prefix.
220            buf.append('<');
221            buf.append(ROOT_TAG);
222            buf.append(" xmlns=\"" + XmlConstants.XML_NAMESPACE + "\">");
223            buf.append(this.eol);
224            return buf.toString().getBytes(this.getCharset());
225        }
226    
227        /**
228         * Returns appropriate XML footer.
229         *
230         * @return a byte array containing the footer, closing the XML root element.
231         */
232        @Override
233        public byte[] getFooter() {
234            if (!complete) {
235                return null;
236            }
237            return ("</" + ROOT_TAG + '>' + this.eol).getBytes(getCharset());
238        }
239    
240        /**
241         * Gets this XmlLayout's content format. Specified by:
242         * <ul>
243         * <li>Key: "dtd" Value: "log4j-events.dtd"</li>
244         * <li>Key: "version" Value: "2.0"</li>
245         * </ul>
246         * 
247         * @return Map of content format keys supporting XmlLayout
248         */
249        @Override
250        public Map<String, String> getContentFormat() {
251            final Map<String, String> result = new HashMap<String, String>();
252            // result.put("dtd", "log4j-events.dtd");
253            result.put("xsd", "log4j-events.xsd");
254            result.put("version", "2.0");
255            return result;
256        }
257    
258        @Override
259        /**
260         * @return The content type.
261         */
262        public String getContentType() {
263            return "text/xml; charset=" + this.getCharset();
264        }
265    
266        /**
267         * Creates an XML Layout.
268         *
269         * @param locationInfo If "true", includes the location information in the generated XML.
270         * @param properties If "true", includes the thread context in the generated XML.
271         * @param complete If "true", includes the XML header and footer, defaults to "false".
272         * @param compact If "true", does not use end-of-lines and indentation, defaults to "false".
273         * @param charset The character set to use, if {@code null}, uses "UTF-8".
274         * @return An XML Layout.
275         */
276        @PluginFactory
277        public static XmlLayout createLayout(
278                // @formatter:off
279                @PluginAttribute(value = "locationInfo", defaultBoolean = false) final boolean locationInfo,
280                @PluginAttribute(value = "properties", defaultBoolean = false) final boolean properties,
281                @PluginAttribute(value = "complete", defaultBoolean = false) final boolean complete,
282                @PluginAttribute(value = "compact", defaultBoolean = false) final boolean compact,
283                @PluginAttribute(value = "charset", defaultString = "UTF-8") final Charset charset)
284                // @formatter:on
285        {
286            return new XmlLayout(locationInfo, properties, complete, compact, charset);
287        }
288    
289        /**
290         * Creates an XML Layout using the default settings.
291         *
292         * @return an XML Layout.
293         */
294        public static XmlLayout createDefaultLayout() {
295            return new XmlLayout(false, false, false, false, Charsets.UTF_8);
296        }
297    }